On November 7th, during the Fuiture4Build fairs, the debate “Future of the energy-saving building in Poland” was initiated. The debate, which is a part of social consultation process, was commenced on the initiative of Go4Energy with relation to implementation of EU directives providing that by 2020 all new buildings should meet the energy-saving requirements. The debate is partnered by the Murator Publishing House.
A group of representatives of various circles: both from the government and broadly taken construction business discussed the consequences of enforcement of the EU directives, changes on the construction market and whether and how the legislator stimulates changes towards energy-saving building. The debate was led by Tomasz Augustyniak from Go4Energy.
Feel free to read though its key topics:
“Government actions will result in gradual improvement of the energy performance and thermal protection of buildings. Another tightening of the regulations — announced Tomasz Gałązka from the Ministry of Transport, Building and Maritime Economy — will result in buildings constructed from 2021 achieving a near-zero energy consumption. These changes include an obligation, which already has been imposed on designers, to present an analysis of possibilities to use renewable sources of energy in public buildings when preparing technical documentation.
Paweł Pucher from the legal office Kancelaria Kaczor Klimczyk Pucher Wypiór Adwokaci found such perspective as overly optimistic and pointed out to the sluggishness of the legislator in transposing EU regulations into the Polish body of law. He further pointed out that the ministry only enforces those directives which allow to avoid sanctions, but does not plan to develop any serious programs to support or promote energy-saving building in Poland.
Economic aspects of implementing “green” houses was the subject of presentation of Michał Marszałek from Skanska Property Poland, a representative of developers. In his opinion, energy saving building needs greater capital expenditure as it is more expensive to construct, however at a later stage it turns out to be cheaper in operation, and in consequence — easier to sell. It also ensures a higher level of satisfaction of the later users of the building. However, lessees must be educated and the idea of “green project manager” has to be championed.
Agnieszka Kalinowska-Sołtys from APA Wojciechowski told about changes in approach to designing which are necessary to achieve the objectives. In the past, the task of the architect was to design a building that met a minimum of standards, as the low price of construction was the priority. Now, the designing process starts with inviting all participants of the investment process to discuss and jointly develop a concept of an inexpensive, energy-saving, environmentally friendly and comfortable house — with the participation of architects, specialists in mechanical and plumbing works, static engineers, construction companies, the owner and finally, the future property manager.
Zuzanna Paciorkiewicz from DTZ, who represented the property manager circles, noted that it is not enough to sell a “green house”, a lot of effort has to be made to educate the lessees. If the users are not sufficiently educated and aware, they will interfere with the operation of the building. In fact, people are lazy from nature and tend to do what is convenient to them. Much also depends on the level of competencies of technical support services. Apart from that, one has to be sufficiently skilled to properly analyse the operation of the building cost-wise, because a building behaves differently in the 1st or 2nd year of operation and differently in the long term.
Piort Bartkiewicz from the Warsaw University of Technology added the scientific point of view, or rather presented a series of questions. He indicated to the needs of a wider debate which will explain to people what is underlying the increased thermal insulation ratings the EU directive discusses. What will be our own, Polish, definition of an energy-saving house, as there are a few of them in Europe. Are we prepared for producing new installations and systems, as designers, static engineers, contractors and finally — as users? Why so little is said and shown about the already existing zero or plus-energy buildings? Will Poland implement financial or at least administrative incentives, allowing, for instance, for a quicker process of a building permit in case of sustainable buildings, like other countries do?
The representative of the ministry, Mr. Gałązka strongly denied the supposition that the administration wants to prioritize in any way buildings with better energy performance in the context of obtaining building permits, however the ministry is open to demands of various circles as part of social consultation process and perhaps other ideas would be taken into consideration.
The later part of the debate was rich in examples of solutions promoting the idea of green houses in other countries; the need of a leading role of public administration in implementing appropriate standards and their markings was further discussed. At the end Mr. Augustyniak, who moderated the debate, announced the will to continue the debate and invited all the participants to keep track of it and to further participate.
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The debate is partnered by the Murator Publishing House.