Go4Energy Debate: Obstacles to development of energy-saving building in Poland

On Novem­ber 7th, dur­ing the Fuiture4Build fairs, the debate “Future of the ener­gy-sav­ing build­ing in Poland” was ini­ti­at­ed. The debate, which is a part of social con­sul­ta­tion process, was com­menced on the ini­tia­tive of Go4Energy with rela­tion to imple­men­ta­tion of EU direc­tives pro­vid­ing that by 2020 all new build­ings should meet the ener­gy-sav­ing require­ments. The debate is part­nered by the Mura­tor Pub­lish­ing House.


A group of rep­re­sen­ta­tives of var­i­ous cir­cles: both from the gov­ern­ment and broad­ly tak­en con­struc­tion busi­ness dis­cussed the con­se­quences of enforce­ment of the EU direc­tives, changes on the con­struc­tion mar­ket and whether and how the leg­is­la­tor stim­u­lates changes towards ener­gy-sav­ing build­ing. The debate was led by Tomasz Augusty­ni­ak from Go4Energy.


Tran­scrip­tion of the debate »

Debate on YouTube »


Feel free to read though its key top­ics:


Gov­ern­ment actions will result in grad­ual improve­ment of the ener­gy per­for­mance and ther­mal pro­tec­tion of build­ings. Anoth­er tight­en­ing of the reg­u­la­tions — announced Tomasz Gałąz­ka from the Min­istry of Trans­port, Build­ing and Mar­itime Econ­o­my — will result in build­ings con­struct­ed from 2021 achiev­ing a near-zero ener­gy con­sump­tion. These changes include an oblig­a­tion, which already has been imposed on design­ers, to present an analy­sis of pos­si­bil­i­ties to use renew­able sources of ener­gy in pub­lic build­ings when prepar­ing tech­ni­cal doc­u­men­ta­tion.


Paweł Puch­er from the legal office Kance­lar­ia Kac­zor Klim­czyk Puch­er Wyp­iór Adwokaci found such per­spec­tive as over­ly opti­mistic and point­ed out to the slug­gish­ness of the leg­is­la­tor in trans­pos­ing EU reg­u­la­tions into the Pol­ish body of law. He fur­ther point­ed out that the min­istry only enforces those direc­tives which allow to avoid sanc­tions, but does not plan to devel­op any seri­ous pro­grams to sup­port or pro­mote ener­gy-sav­ing build­ing in Poland.


Eco­nom­ic aspects of imple­ment­ing “green” hous­es was the sub­ject of pre­sen­ta­tion of Michał Marsza­łek from Skan­s­ka Prop­er­ty Poland, a rep­re­sen­ta­tive of devel­op­ers. In his opin­ion, ener­gy sav­ing build­ing needs greater cap­i­tal expen­di­ture as it is more expen­sive to con­struct, how­ev­er at a lat­er stage it turns out to be cheap­er in oper­a­tion, and in con­se­quence — eas­i­er to sell. It also ensures a high­er lev­el of sat­is­fac­tion of the lat­er users of the build­ing. How­ev­er, lessees must be edu­cat­ed and the idea of “green project man­ag­er” has to be cham­pi­oned.


Agniesz­ka Kali­nows­ka-Soł­tys from APA Woj­ciechows­ki told about changes in approach to design­ing which are nec­es­sary to achieve the objec­tives. In the past, the task of the archi­tect was to design a build­ing that met a min­i­mum of stan­dards, as the low price of con­struc­tion was the pri­or­i­ty. Now, the design­ing process starts with invit­ing all par­tic­i­pants of the invest­ment process to dis­cuss and joint­ly devel­op a con­cept of an inex­pen­sive, ener­gy-sav­ing, envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly and com­fort­able house — with the par­tic­i­pa­tion of archi­tects, spe­cial­ists in mechan­i­cal and plumb­ing works, sta­t­ic engi­neers, con­struc­tion com­pa­nies, the own­er and final­ly, the future prop­er­ty man­ag­er.


Zuzan­na Paciorkiewicz from DTZ, who rep­re­sent­ed the prop­er­ty man­ag­er cir­cles, not­ed that it is not enough to sell a “green house”, a lot of effort has to be made to edu­cate the lessees. If the users are not suf­fi­cient­ly edu­cat­ed and aware, they will inter­fere with the oper­a­tion of the build­ing. In fact, peo­ple are lazy from nature and tend to do what is con­ve­nient to them. Much also depends on the lev­el of com­pe­ten­cies of tech­ni­cal sup­port ser­vices. Apart from that, one has to be suf­fi­cient­ly skilled to prop­er­ly analyse the oper­a­tion of the build­ing cost-wise, because a build­ing behaves dif­fer­ent­ly in the 1st or 2nd year of oper­a­tion and dif­fer­ent­ly in the long term.


Piort Bartkiewicz from the War­saw Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy added the sci­en­tif­ic point of view, or rather pre­sent­ed a series of ques­tions. He indi­cat­ed to the needs of a wider debate which will explain to peo­ple what is under­ly­ing the increased ther­mal insu­la­tion rat­ings the EU direc­tive dis­cuss­es. What will be our own, Pol­ish, def­i­n­i­tion of an ener­gy-sav­ing house, as there are a few of them in Europe. Are we pre­pared for pro­duc­ing new instal­la­tions and sys­tems, as design­ers, sta­t­ic engi­neers, con­trac­tors and final­ly — as users? Why so lit­tle is said and shown about the already exist­ing zero or plus-ener­gy build­ings? Will Poland imple­ment finan­cial or at least admin­is­tra­tive incen­tives, allow­ing, for instance, for a quick­er process of a build­ing per­mit in case of sus­tain­able build­ings, like oth­er coun­tries do?


The rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the min­istry, Mr. Gałąz­ka strong­ly denied the sup­po­si­tion that the admin­is­tra­tion wants to pri­or­i­tize in any way build­ings with bet­ter ener­gy per­for­mance in the con­text of obtain­ing build­ing per­mits, how­ev­er the min­istry is open to demands of var­i­ous cir­cles as part of social con­sul­ta­tion process and per­haps oth­er ideas would be tak­en into con­sid­er­a­tion.


The lat­er part of the debate was rich in exam­ples of solu­tions pro­mot­ing the idea of green hous­es in oth­er coun­tries; the need of a lead­ing role of pub­lic admin­is­tra­tion in imple­ment­ing appro­pri­ate stan­dards and their mark­ings was fur­ther dis­cussed. At the end Mr. Augusty­ni­ak, who mod­er­at­ed the debate, announced the will to con­tin­ue the debate and invit­ed all the par­tic­i­pants to keep track of it and to fur­ther par­tic­i­pate.


We invite you to take part in the debate — express your opin­ions and ask ques­tions by writ­ing us at: debata@g4e.pl


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The debate is part­nered by the Mura­tor Pub­lish­ing House.