In your opinion, how could energy-saving building be combined with economic grounds and how to overcome obstacles faced by developers?
An energy-saving building does not have to be tantamount to a more expensive building. It is very important to select appropriate strategies and technologies for a specific project. Certain solutions that perform well in one location may not work at all at another place.
Developers who plan to construct residential buildings are facing many obstacles, including the ones related to a decreased trust of the customer, the future owner of the flat, as compared to the attitude of a customer who is planning to buy or rent office or commercial space. Developers who sell flats “promise” may things the person in the street just cannot verify. That is why the promise of a more energy-saving flat and lower energy bills seems little credible. To overcome the obstacle of lack of trust and lack of reliable expertise of the buyers, we need education.
Another important factor in overcoming obstacles in development of energy-saving building consists in reasonable regulations which impose higher standards, or subsidies and grants which may actually encourage to buy energy-saving flats, offices or houses.
What solutions does the construction sector need and what Polish government and the developers can do about it?
The construction sector needs a stimulus, an impulse, something that will make investments in energy-saving buildings profitable. I think tax exemptions, tax deductions for those who invest in such solutions would be a good solution. It is a model which works very well in many countries.
What will be the consequences of the directives of the European Parliament and the Council and how to adapt our country to EU energy efficiency policy?
Unfortunately, in Poland the process of adapting local regulations to EU requirements is quite slow, which may in consequence lead to Poland loosing many opportunities, and what is even worse, we may be at risk of being penalized for failing to implement the regulations within the time limits set by the EU.
What awaits the construction sector with relation to the upcoming changes and what will the construction services sector look like after 2020?
The construction sector will face many changes after 2020, stricter regulations will impose the application of more advanced solutions, better materials and improved standards.
I think that if EU requirements in this scope are successfully implemented by that time, then the public building sector will become clearly divided into buildings built before 2020 and ones built after that date.
The situation will be similar with commercial buildings, although in this sector, the process of changes and improvement of standards has already started.
Agnieszka Kalinowska – Sołtys is a director at APA Wojciechowski Architekci
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